Tiberias is one of the oldest cities in Israel, dating perhaps to the time of Joshua’s entry into Eretz Yisrael. After its purification by Rabbi Shimon Bar Yachai, Tiberias was chosen to be the official residence of the Sanhedrin and remained the Jewish capitol of the country until after the Arab conquest in the seventh century. The Talmud Yerushalami was written primarily in Tiberias. Tiberias contains the tombs of Rabbi Yochanan ben Zakai, Rabbi Akiva, Rabbi Meir Baal HaNess, Rabbi Ami, Rabbi Asi and Rabbi Shimon ben Lakish, Rambam, Rabbi Yeshayah Horowitz (the SHeLaH), the grandfather of Rabbi Nachman–Rabbi Nachman Horodenker and others. Many are buried in the old Tiberias cemetary.